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Understanding Child Development

Most of us do wonder about the speedy physical and physiological development of a child. How quickly a child begins to walk from just crawling is wonderful! So, what is this child development? How does child development take place?

What is child development 1024x415 - Understanding Child Development

What is child development?

The process of child development is the one by which humans grow biologically, physiologically and emotionally from infancy through adulthood.

Theories of child development

How we develop from infancy has been a curious matter for scientists around the globe. A number of hypothesis from various researchers have come into play. Some of the most recognised ones are as follows:

Developmental stage theories - Understanding Child Development

  1. Sigmund Freud devised psychosexual stage theory of development. As per Freud, children progressed from one stage to another through innate unconscious sexual drives. This theory terminates at adulthood.
  2. Erik Erikson put forward stage theory of development. Erikson considered social relationships as centre stage for development. He referred to developmental tasks as psychosocial stages. This comprehensive theory encompasses human development from infancy till old age.
  3. Lev Vygotsky also hypothesised that development of a child revolves around social interactions. Parents should always mentor their child through developmental tasks.

Stages of child development

Child development stages are theoretical milestones of child development. Following is series of stages of human growth and development:

Human embryogenesis - Understanding Child Development


  1. Human embryogenesis
  2. Fetus
  3. Infant
  4. Toddler
  5. Early childhood
  6. Child
  7. Preadolescence
  8. Adolescence
  9. Adult
  10. Middle age
  11. Old age

Biological milestones:

  1. Fertilisation
  2. Childbirth
  3. Walking
  4. Language acquisition
  5. Puberty
  6. Menopause
  7. Ageing
  8. Death

Development and psychology:

  1. Pre- and peri natal
  2. Infant and child
  3. Adolescent
  4. Youth
  5. Young adult
  6. Adult
  7. Maturity

Developmental stage theories:

  1. Attachment
  2. Ecological
  3. Psychological
  4. Psychosexual
  5. Moral
  6. Cognitive
  7. Cultural- historical
  8. Evolutionary


About Yezdan ASIL

Child Development Specialist. I finished a university child development specialization department. I teach at a private school.

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