Most of us do wonder about the speedy physical and physiological development of a child. How quickly a child begins to walk from just crawling is wonderful! So, what is this child development? How does child development take place?
What is child development?
The process of child development is the one by which humans grow biologically, physiologically and emotionally from infancy through adulthood.
Theories of child development
How we develop from infancy has been a curious matter for scientists around the globe. A number of hypothesis from various researchers have come into play. Some of the most recognised ones are as follows:
- Sigmund Freud devised psychosexual stage theory of development. As per Freud, children progressed from one stage to another through innate unconscious sexual drives. This theory terminates at adulthood.
- Erik Erikson put forward stage theory of development. Erikson considered social relationships as centre stage for development. He referred to developmental tasks as psychosocial stages. This comprehensive theory encompasses human development from infancy till old age.
- Lev Vygotsky also hypothesised that development of a child revolves around social interactions. Parents should always mentor their child through developmental tasks.
Stages of child development
Child development stages are theoretical milestones of child development. Following is series of stages of human growth and development:
- Human embryogenesis
- Early childhood
- Middle age
- Old age
- Language acquisition
Development and psychology:
- Pre- and peri natal
- Infant and child
- Young adult
Developmental stage theories:
- Cultural- historical